Does Donald Trump have dyslexia?



Donald Trump HAS Dyslexia.

And so does Vladimir Putin.  (See below.)


Dyslexia has little, or nothing, to do with intelligence or “letter reversal.”  Rather, dyslexia applies to individuals who have difficulty reading and/or understanding letter-based words.  


Dyslexia DOES NOT mean that those people CANNOT read or are stupid.   It only means that their near vision is sufficiently unstable, making the process of reading letter-based words more difficult.  Because they CAN learn to read if they try hard enough, most people with dyslexia DO learn to read, and DO NOT realize that they have a literacy impairment.  Frequently, individuals with dyslexia may be extremely intelligent and have difficulties ONLY when dealing with letter-based tests.  Much of the “letter reversal” associated with dyslexia is actually a matter of “bad guessing” of the letters and words due to an unstable image, rather than a cerebral dysfunction. 



The Physiological Mechanics of Dyslexia


One theory of dyslexia is that people with letter-based dyslexia have their reading difficulty due to a higher ratio of Red/Green color-receptive photoreceptors in the fovea area in the back of their eye resulting in a Near Vision Stress.   To regulate acuity, the eye uses Chromatic Triangulation where the biological lens bends (refracts) light so that Blue is focused in FRONT of the Retina, Green ON the Retina, and Red is focused BEHIND the retina.  Reading skills are optimized when the eye has a balanced ratio of Red photoreceptors (50% Red and 45% Green) and a Stable Near Image.  When the eye has a higher ratio of Red photoreceptors (75% Red and 20% Green), it becomes more difficult to form a Stable Near Image (as illustrated below) and instead has Near Vision Stress so that is also becomes more difficult to read words.








Ten second dyslexia screening test.


Ten second acuity screening test.

Ten Second Acuity Screening Test


Background information



People with dyslexia, also due to their unstable near-vision image, tend to overcompensate when they walk.  As they walk down a hallway their heads will tend to bob from side-to-side (also known as the "Steve Jobs walk").  Dealing with that physical overcompensation frequently leads to excess overconfidence (the Dunning Kruger Effect) and assertiveness with a preference for authoritarianism (aka, "Steve Jobs style of management") due to their visual instability.  They frequently have difficulty with written academics (such as "Steve Jobs, the college dropout"), or a disposition for drug use such as marijuana or alcohol to reduce the visual stress from the difficulty in focusing on near-images.   (Jobs went to India where weed is legal and widely available.)   When they have an abusive or unstable childhood (e.g., Donald Trump) they also learn to lie and bully other people to try to hide their illiteracy and incompetence.


Based upon body language, behavior, and videos showing Donald Trump in situations where he is expected to be able to read, it is overwhelmingly obvious that Donald Trump has dyslexia.  His abusive, narcissistic behavior is not only a collection of character flaws, but also his attempts to hide his illiteracy and his incompetence by being excessively aggressive and/or abusive.


Videos illustrating Donald Trump’s dyslexia.


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In 2016 Tony Schwartz (author of “The Art of the Deal”) made a presentation

at Oxford University eight days before the US Presidential Election.


The most stunning part of Schwartz’s comments start at the 40-minute mark with Schwartz’s opinion that “WHEN” Trump lost the 2016 Presidential Election, Trump would become even more destructive to America by being able to continue his criminal activities “under the radar” and without being caught or being held accountable.


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Ironically, the phrase “with all due respect” actually means you have NO RESPECT for the opinion of the other person.  The phase “Trump Derangement Syndrome” was created to accuse those who mistrust Trump as being mentally deranged.  However, the phase actually describes the behavior and mentality of the gullible Trump SUPPORTERS rather than the Trump critics.


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Vladimir Putin also has dyslexia.


The above video shows Putin walking with a head-bobbing gait typical of dyslexics.  Putin also had a very insecure childhood.  By joining the KGB, unlike Trump who learned as an abused child to lie to hide his illiteracy and bully others to hide his incompetence, Putin learned to kill people to hide his incompetence.  And he is still doing it.


What also indicated Putin’s dyslexia was the interview by diplomat Fiona Hill with Stephen Colbert where she describes being at a Russian State Dinner and sitting next to Putin.  Putin was so paranoid about assassination that he did not eat or drink anything for fear of being poisoned.  However, the notes for his speech were on cards with the letters about I inch (~2 cm) in height to make them sufficiently legible.  It is the same thing that Trump does with printed speeches in extra-large print to try to compensate for the visual instability of his dyslexia.


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The Factors of Vision and Childhood


The number one motivating factor for all biological organisms both (animal and vegetable) is a sense of control.  That control may be measured by security, money, nourishment (food), companionship, sex, possessions (toys), a sense of purpose, or a sense of cognition (from religion, politics, or science). 


Individuals with secure (and non-abused) childhoods tend to become functional adults.  If they don't have dyslexia, they tend to be symbiotic as leaders and maximize the development of their productive skills.  If they have an insecure or abusive childhood, they retain those anxieties into adulthood.  They overcompensate for their lack of control tends to help individuals compensate for that source of insecurity and tends for them to be hyper-analytical.  If they have dyslexia and a secure childhood, they tend to prefer hierarchical (structured) relationships rather than the symbiotic (dynamic) relationships typical of non-dyslexics.


What IS significant with the overwhelming majority of Trump supporters is NOT just their dyslexia, but rather their dyslexia symptoms AND their personal experiences from having an insecure/fear-filled or abusive childhood.  The childhood feelings of insecurity result in an acceptance of authoritarian beliefs and gullibility towards Trump and other authoritarian concepts.   Individuals who have dyslexia, and an insecure/abusive childhood, tend to be manipulative and learn to lie to hide their illiteracy and become bullies like Trump, or killers like Putin, to hide their incompetence.


Again, there are TWO key elements in voters who are Trump supporters and both must be present:

1.           A preference for authoritarianism due to an insecure/fear-filled/abusive (authoritarian) childhood (similar to Trump’s)

2.           Symptoms of visual dyslexia as either Near Vision Stress (high ratio of red photoreceptors) or strabismus.


The overwhelming majority of individuals who do NOT test positive for dyslexia OR who had a supportive-positive childhood tend to loath Trump and are incredulous that the gullible Trump supporters fail to realize the implications of Trump’s lies, adultery, and business ineptitude and illegalities.


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Three (simple) steps to validate the combined effects of vision and childhood:


1.  Ask those individuals to take the following personality preference test:

These are qualities which most people believe children should have.  Every person also thinks that some qualities are more important than others.

Below are four pairs of desirable qualities.  For each pair, ask the individual WHICH of the two qualities in each category (either A or B) they think is more important for a child to have?


Preference Question 1:


_____ (A) Respect for elders


_____ (B) Independence

Preference Question 2:


_____ (A) Self-reliance


_____ (B) Obedience

Preference Question 3:


_____ (A)  Good manners


_____ (B) Curiosity

Preference Question 4:


_____ (A) Being considerate


_____ (B) Being well-behaved


If the individual selects the FIRST of each pair (A) of the FOUR options, it indicates that the individual has a preference for authoritarianism.  If the individual selects the SECOND of each pair (B) of the FOUR options, it indicates that the individual has a preference for cooperation.


The sample questions (above) are those of Matthew MacWilliams, author of ON FASCISM, in developing the “American Authoritarian Index” as presented in his book.


2.  Use the 10 second Dyop color screening test (which should work on any electronic display) to determine potential symptoms of dyslexia:


A Dyop (short for dynamic optotype) is a spinning ring visual target used to measure visual clarity (acuity) by creating a strobic stimulus of the photoreceptors of the eyes.  The smallest diameter Dyop where the direction of spinning of the ring can be detected indicates visual clarity (acuity).  When the diameter of the ring is too small to detect the ring (and gaps) as spinning, you have a sub-acuity diameter.


Make sure that the individual is initially close enough to the images to see both the Blue-on-Black and Green-on-White rings spinning.  Then ask the individual to move away from the screen until they CANNOT detect either of the two segmented rings (Blue-on-Black or Green-on-White) as moving.  Then have them move forward towards the spinning images to determine if they see the Blue spinning ring OR the Green spinning ring first.  When the identical diameter spinning Green and Blue Dyop rings become sufficiently small, only one of the spinning rings will be detected as spinning.












A black and white poker chip

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A black and white poker chip

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A black and white poker chip

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A green and white circle with black lines

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A blue and black circular pattern

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Black/White                    Green/White                 Blue/Black



The spinning Green-on-White and spinning Blue-on-Black Dyops of the color screening test have identical angular diameters.   By moving away from the screen, or clicking the screen Down Arrow, those spinning Dyops appear to become smaller.  Eventually ONLY ONE of the spinning Dyops (either Green-on-White OR Blue-on-Black) can be detected as spinning.  Further reduction of the apparent Dyop diameters (sub-acuity) will have spinning by both Dyops no longer visible.  The color/contrast screening test works the same on an iPhone as on a computer.


PC/iPad/iPhone version


SmartPhone version:


If they preferentially see the Blue ring spinning first it is photoreceptors (75% Red, 20% Green, and 5% Blue).  Non-dyslexics tend to have a more balanced Red ratio (50% Red, 45% Green, and 5% Blue).  90% indicate that they have Near Vision Stress and a higher ratio of Red.  Ask those individuals if they voted for Trump or Biden?


Near Vision Stress is associated with the retina having a 75% Red20% green and 5% blue percentage of photoreceptors.  Non-symptomatic (NON-dyslexics) tend to have a 50% Red, 45% Green, and 5% blue percentage of photoreceptors.


The higher ratio of red photoreceptors is an indicator of Near Vision Stress.  The near vision stress associated with Near Vision Stress indicates that the cerebral problems result from color perception problems, since acuity is regulated by the chromatic triangulation of light by the RedGreen, and Blue photoreceptors.


Symptoms of dyslexiamigraines, and/or epilepsy are indicated when you can ONLY detect as spinning the smaller Blue-on-Black Dyop and NOT the identical diameter spinning Green-on-White Dyop.  The test seems to have a 90% correlation to personal or family history symptoms of Near Vision Stress, migraines, and/or epilepsy.


Our theory is that approximately 85% of the Trump supporters (see Pre-Election Survey below)  have BOTH a stressed or authoritarian childhood (as indicated by their selecting the A Option of ALL four of the questions in variable #1) AND "Near Vision Stress" (indicated by their preferentially seeing the spinning “Blue” ring in variable #2).


This is NOT coincidence, but rather causation.  See the anecdotal 2016 Pre-Election Survey below.


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The 2016 Pre-Election Survey


Prior to the November 2016 Presidential Election, I anecdotally noticed that some of the enthusiastic Trump supporters I knew also had symptoms of Near Vision Stress when using the Dyop, short for dynamic optotype, color screening test.  (A Dyop is a spinning ring visual target used to measure visual clarity by creating a strobic stimulus of the photoreceptors of the eyes.  The smallest diameter Dyop where the direction of spinning of the ring can be detected indicates visual clarity-acuity.  When the gaps are too small to detect the ring as spinning, you have a sub-acuity ring diameter.  The color/contrast screening test works the same on an iPhone as on a computer.)


Ten second dyslexia screening test.


To create an anecdotal validation of “political/visual” correlation, I went to a nearby Mall Food Court and used the color screening test on my iPhone with randomly selected individuals.

At the Mall Food Court, I asked 30 "registered voters" two questions:


1.)    "As the identical diameter spinning Blue and Green rings appear to become smaller by your moving away from the screen, you will detect ONLY ONE of the two rings as spinning.  Is it the Green-on-White or the Blue-on-Black ring that is spinning?


2.)  “If you were to vote today, would you vote for Clinton or Trump?"


3.)   How stressful was your childhood, on a scale of 1 to 10?


In the initial survey, 17 subjects preferentially only saw the Blue Dyop spinning, and 13 subjects preferentially only saw the Green Dyop spinning.  Of the 30 subjects, 11 were Trump supporters and 19 were Clinton supporters.  (There were also six individuals I approached who refused to participate in the survey.)


ALL 11 of the Trump supporters preferentially saw the spinning Blue rather than the identical-diameter spinning Green.  Of the 19 Clinton supporters, six of them preferentially saw the spinning Blue and 13 of them preferentially saw the spinning Green.  NONE of the Trump supporters preferentially saw the spinning Green, indicating that the overwhelming majority of the 13 Trump supporters had Near Vision Stress .


However, there is a childhood factor as to the correlation of dyslexia and Trump support.


(See below for a discussion of the psychology of abusive relationships.)


Initial color test responses for the spinning Blue/Black versus the spinning Green/White ring





% Blue

% Green


% Blue

% Green

































This is a very limited test with an insufficient number of subjects, but it is something which needs to be objectively validated with a much larger subject group.


Could the overwhelming preference for detecting the spinning Blue, indicating Near Vision Stress, plus a perceived higher childhood stress, correlate to the higher percentage of Trump supporters who possibly have dyslexia?  Could that overwhelming preference for seeing the spinning Blue and their childhood stress correlate to the percentage of Trump supporters who believe what they hear rather than what they read?  It may also be possible that the “non-dyslexic” Stable Near Image Trump-preferring individuals have strabismus dyslexia rather than Near Vision Stress .


Near Vision Stress in the ranks of the Trump supporters could also only explain the dominance in that group of the non-college graduates (who were less motivated to go to college due to reading difficulties), as well as their gullibility as to Trump's dementia and lies.  Very few of the Letter-Based Stable Near Image people were Trump supporters.


You will want to run your own evaluation.  Give/Take the test for yourself and with your friends.


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There also seems to be a genetic factor as to behavior, culture, and the ratio of red/green photoreceptors.


Dyslexia is so rampant (90%) among Native Americans that the term “dyslexia” is viewed as a racial epithet.  The term Near Vision Stress  is also a more explanatory description of the visual mechanisms of color perception than the term ”dyslexic vision” and allows inclusion of a broader range of symptoms such as migraines and/or epilepsy.


About 80% of the European gene pool predominantly has “Stable Near Image” which could correlate to the European use of letter-based words from a better near image visual STABILITY.   About 80% of the Chinese gene pool has Near Vision Stress  which may correlate to the preference for pictographic based words which are more stable at a further distance.   About 90% of Native Americans have Near Vision Stress  as descents of the Mongolian gene pool which crossed over the Bering Strait approximately 13,000 years ago.  The 90% Near Vision Stress  of Native Americans correlate to only 80% of Hispanic Americans having Near Vision Stress  due to racial intermingling.  About 80% of Native Africans have Near Vision Stress  which correlates to only 60% of African-Americans having Near Vision Stress  due to (frequently forced) racial intermingling


Because 21st century technology is letter-based, people with dyslexia have an impediment to developing competitive literacy skills.  Near Vision Stress  may also explain why African-American and Hispanic students frequently struggle with "letter-based" education.  Learning to read (reading “White”) frequently requires learning to read words as pictographs, such as in the Orton-Gillingham technique.  Chromatically modulated (tinted) lenses could potentially eliminate those dyslexia, migraine, and epilepsy symptoms.


However, there are psychological and physiological factors associated with Near Vision Stress.


People with Near Vision Stress tend to overcompensate due to that unstable near-vision image.  As they walk down a hallway corridor their heads tend to bob from side-to-side (known as the "Steve Jobs walk").  That overcompensation leads to a preference for authoritarianism due to their visual instability (known as the "Steve Jobs style of management").  They also tend to have difficulty with written academics (such as "Steve Jobs, the college dropout"), and a propensity for drug such as marijuana or alcohol to reduce the visual stress from the difficulty focusing on near-images (which partly is why Jobs went to India where weed is legal and widely available).


What is stunning is that ALL of the Donald Trump supporters likely have symptoms of Near Vision Stress  AND a stressful/authoritarian childhood.


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Dyslexia and Information Overload


There is an additional psychological factor with dyslexia. 


Much like dyslexic Steve Jobs, a person learns to compensate for their unstable near image by being excessively confident. 


That confidence is reflected in the response to the photoreceptor depletion from static stimulation as illustrated by the The Lilac Chaser Illusion When you fixate on the Plus (+) in the center of the ring of Pink circles (below), you likely see the Pink circles seeming to rotate around that Plus.  But it is also likely that you will see a single moving Green circle which appears to also spin around the plus.  There is NO Green circle.  The illusion of the Green circle is because of the depletion and insufficient refresh of the Red photoreceptors creating the illusion (delusion) that the depleted photoreceptor area is a Green circle. 





The Lilac Chaser Illusion



The metaphor of the Lilac Chaser Illusion is that when people have too much negative stimulus (such as from watching too much Fox News or Q-Anon drivel) they fill in the gaps with illusions and delusions.  The Lilac Chaser is a physiological metaphor to describe those Gullible Trump Supporters (aka, the REAL Trump Delusion Syndrome).  


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Possible Psychological Explanation


One of the psychological effects of dyslexia is overcompensation and excess confidence in dealing with that unstable close image.  Typical of that overcompensation is when a person with Near Vision Stress  walks down a hallway or corridor, they will have their head bobbing from side-to-side due to that visual instability (the "Steve Jobs walk").  A person without Near Vision Stress  will walk down the same corridor with their head moving in a straight line.


Dyslexia overcompensation seems to also lead to a preference for authoritarian and hierarchical relationships.  That could translate into a preference for someone projecting confidence rather than competence, and a belief in what they hear rather than what they read.  Reading letter-based words is a collaborative process where the combination of the letters determines the word meaning, and the combination of words is what determines the concept.  Words and letters by themselves frequently have no meaning.  The meaning comes from the context and the relationship with associated words.  NON-dyslexics have mastered the collaborative letter-to-word-to-concept process. 



Blue Preference

Near Vision Stress 

Green Preference

Stable Near Image


High Red/Green

Balanced Red/Green

Type of Childhood

75% Red / 20% Green

50% Red  / 45% Green

Symbiotic/Nurturing - Win/Win



Predatory/Authoritarian – Win/Lose




Trump supporters tend to be Fundamentalists and Authoritarian as to their convictions.  It indicates a preference of Confidence over Competence.   Clinton supporters tend to be collaborative and more concerned with literacy and logic.  It indicates a preference of Competence over Confidence.  However, unlike dyslexics who are NOT Trumps supporters, dyslexic Trump supporter typically have a childhood history of a neglect (such as Steve Jobs) or abuse (such as Donald Trump).   See the Follow-up below.


Cultures in Asia, Africa, and the Mid-east tend to be authoritarian, and tend to have 80% of their populations having Near Vision Stress.  However, there is also a 2500-year-old historic precedent as to reading and authoritarian political convictions.  Red-haired Socrates despised reading and writing.  What we know about Socrates is only from the writings of his heretic pupil Plato.  Because of his efforts in attempting to lead a violent revolution to replace Athenian democracy with an oligarchy, Socrates was sentenced to deathSocrates was also the first "certified dyslexic" since his despising reading and writing and hierarchal social attitude was likely due to dyslexia. 


Background information


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Observations on Authoritarianism


In 2016 Matthew MacWilliams discovered that Trump supporters seem to have a high preference for "authoritarianism."


​​The correlation of authoritarianism to dyslexia symptoms is from the overcompensation to an unstable near vision imageThat behavior was typified by the head-bobbing motion of “Steve Jobs" and his style of management prior to getting fired by Apple.  It also is typified by Jobs' academic failures at Reed College and his forays into drugs since marijuana acts as a muscle relaxant to reduce the near-Dyop visual stress of Near Vision Stress.


​​The most recent (and stunning) observation, however, of Trump's dyslexia was watching the videotape (literally) of Trump's inauguration.  Trump and Pence walked down the corridor towards the inauguration podium with their heads bobbing from side-to-side typical of someone with dyslexia.  They were followed by Obama and Biden walking down the corridor with their heads and eyes moving in a straight line.


Michelle Obama's and Jill Biden's heads also both moved in a straight line.  Melania's head moved in a straight line, indicating her training as a model, or that she does not have dyslexia.  However, Eric and Barron Trump both demonstrated head bobbing as they walked, while Ivanka and Donald Junior did not.


It also correlates as to why about a third of the people who HAVE Near Vision Stress are NOT Trump supporters and are terrified of him.  It likely is from training in excess confidence or parental training (nurturing) to be nice to others rather than abusive. 


The explanation as to Trump supporters who support Trump is that those dyslexics seem to be either abused or neglected in their childhood.



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(Comments regarding the events of January 6, 2021.)


The following comments (below) regarding the behavior of Trump supporters were composed in 2018.

but may have “predicted” the events of January 6, 2021 in the Washington DC Capital.


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I am NOT very optimistic as to the outcome of our society WHEN Trump is removed from office.  There are too many Trump supporters who continue to be oblivious to the lies, the immorality, the corruption, and the bullying who will fail to recognize that they have been conned.


What I am expecting is a massive, Trump supporting, self-appointed militia will riot similar to the riots in India when a beloved guru was convicted of rape:


Fortunately, our “well-regulated militia” (the US Military, Police, and National Guard) will be able to deal with the self-appointed “people” who think they have the “right to bear arms” and fail to realize that their obsession is actually that of a self-appointed terrorist organization.


It will not be pleasant.


Caveat: I am in the process of trying to have my correlation academically validated.  Any assistance as to additional validation, OR even valid academic disproval, would be greatly appreciated.



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